Tables and figures

Table I. A/B economic phases in the world system pre-1500 AD. Based on Gills 1993b: 151-188. Bosworth 1995: 211-220 and Wilkinson 1995a: 54-63 were used to validate the cycles.

 

Table II. Main characteristics of the systemic cycles of accumulation of capital. Venice is included since it is the starting point of capitalist accumulation within this framework.

 

Table III. Broad distribution of the new non-geographic core and periphery within the old geographic core and periphery, in the US and EwE SCAs.

non-geographic core (%)

non-geographic periphery (%)

US SCA

geographic core

90

10

geographic periphery

1

99

EwE SCA

geographic core

65

35

geographic periphery

5

95

 

Figure 1. Nesting of the boundaries of the five networks of exchange (adapted from Chase-Dunn 1997: 54).

 

Figure 2. Eckhardt’s empires (circles), geniuses (squares), and wars (stars). a) Europe b) Global (the solid line is a guide to the eye only; the data were reduced to the same average value for easier comparison). The values between the 30th and the 10th century BC are larger than zero. (Adapted from Eckhardt 1995.)

 

Figure 3. Long centuries and systemic cycles of accumulation (adapted from Arrighi 1994: 364, 367).

 

Figure 4. World’s 50 largest corporations by year and region. The Japan curve includes two South Korean corporations in 1989. Data taken from Bergesen 1999: 155.